MULTISENSORY REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES FOR BALANCE DISORDERS: AN INTRODUCTION
Postural deficits are very frequent and detrimental problem in both people with long term conditions and older adults and can be explored within established models for postural control. Postural control is complex and depends on visual, proprioceptive and vestibular input, their processing (including reweighting of information according to cue availability and task demands), and sophisticated mechanisms to support reactive and anticipatory postural adjustments. Both long term conditions (e.g., stroke) and older age can lead to altered sensory inputs and functions, leading to impaired postural and ambulation control, increased falls risk and injury. Additionally, changes in executive function and attention are common in these cohorts and are, associated with impairments in postural control, dual-tasking balance ability, reduced gait speed and increased falls risk. This session will provide participants with a comprehensive overview of the balance system and discuss relevant models for postural control and vestibular dysfunction in older people. Greater awareness of postural control issues may help physiotherapists optimise exercise programme design, content and effectiveness.
- Discuss models of postural control and identify how different disease states impact upon postural stability